Disturbing Hegemonic Discourse: Nonbinary Gender and Sexual Orientation Labeling on Tumblr1

Disturbing Hegemonic Discourse: Nonbinary Gender and Sexual Orientation Labeling on Tumblr1

Techniques and Data

Research Matter

In my own initial browsing of Tumblr, We pointed out that there is an extremely active, available, and vocal LGBTQIA community that challenged even personal notions of sex and sex. Therefore, whenever conceptualizing this research, we was many thinking about the ways Tumblr bloggers openly build their identities—often through labeling practices—and the implications for this available construction of these identities. Consequently, we desired to resolve listed here guiding question: “In exactly exactly what methods do LGBTQIA Tumblr bloggers build and discuss their sex and intimate orientation identities? ”

Test Selection

So that you can examine identification construction on Tumblr, We selected an example of Tumblr bloggers by selecting 10 hashtags that are community-defined of this LGBTQIA spectrum: #gay, #girlswholikegirls, #bi, #ace, #queer, #lgbtq, #nonbinary, #gender fluid, #genderqueer, and #trans. These hashtags were opted for because they’re commonly found whenever LGBTQIA that is browsing content Tumblr. Although we selected tags in line with the LGBTQIA acronym, there’s absolutely no label for “lesbian” but instead “girlswholikegirls. ” Once I first attempted to get information underneath the #lesbian hashtag, we noted that, since Tumblr posseses an active Not Safe/Suitable for Work (NSFW) community (Tiidenberg, 2012, 2013, 2014a, 2014b), this search came back mainly pornography as opposed to articles produced by users whom defined as lesbian. Probably in reaction for this, articles authored by people who recognized as lesbian utilized #girlswholikegirls to tag posts instead than #lesbian. Furthermore, I think that it’s imperative to utilize community-defined hashtags and terminology since this knowledge gender that is regarding sex, especially on SNSs, is socially built, defined, and developed, and, usually, these self-identified hashtags are another kind of sex and intimate orientation labeling practiced by bloggers. It’s also well worth noting that search phrases in English mainly discovered English-speaking united states of america bloggers, though there have been some English-speaking bloggers located in other nations such as for instance Japan, holland, and Ireland. As all information collected from all of these blog sites is voluntary, it pussy cream solo absolutely was usually the situation that the blogger’s location wasn’t disclosed.

Finally, considering that the item of the research would be to examine identity that is individual, we created exclusionary requirements to be able to garner an example of individual LGBTQIA blog sites: as an example, blog sites moderated by a number of individuals do not well express an individual’s NBG&SO identity construction. Exclusionary requirements are the following:

The blogger is beneath the age of 18.

Tags on search engine results that included #lovewins or #love wins. These articles had been excluded due to the fact United states Supreme Court ruled that bans on same-sex marriage are unconstitutional during data collection (Obergefell et al. V Hodges, 2015), and bloggers from outside the LGBTQIA community often utilized LGBTQIA tags in event of the ruling together with #lovewins or #love victories.

Duplicate blog sites (the exact same blog sites sometimes turned up under various search phrases).

It absolutely was maybe perhaps not really a individual weblog, as an example, your blog had been run by a number of moderators, this content associated with weblog was mainly submissions of pictures as well as other LGBTQIA content, or ended up being a marketing web log ( e.g., for films or clothes lines).

Your blog content is mainly pornography or other material that is sexually explicit. Note: This would not exclude blog sites with periodic content that is sexually explicit nudity.

The first 20 blogs that did not meet the exclusionary criteria were collected under each term search. Since Tumblr will not add an explanation that is official plus some Tumblr themes try not to consist of timestamps on articles, it is hard to state if serp’s are exhibited chronologically or if perhaps an algorithm affects the outcome. In any event, the blogs one of them scholarly research had been active at that time the information ended up being collected. These information had been collected through the months of June and July in 2015. These procedures triggered a total that is initial of blogs gathered. Upon closer assessment, one more 14 blog sites came across the exclusionary requirements for an overall total test of 186 blogs.